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Aqueous Extracts: An Alternative in the Control of the Intermediate Host of Schistosomiasis: OAJBS Publishers

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Aqueous Extracts: An Alternative in the Control of the Intermediate Host of Schistosomiasis by Keyla Nunes Farias Gomes* in Open Access Journal of Biomedical Science (OAJBS) Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by worms of the genus Schistosoma. Some substances are used to control the intermediate host, being a strategy to prevent the risk of infection and re-infection of the disease. According to the WHO, the recommended substance is Niclosamide; however, it presents toxicity in non-target organisms. Aqueous extracts are being increasingly studied as a potential molluscicide in combating schistosomiasis. The aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera flowers was used to evaluate the molluscicidal activity in Biomphalaria glabrata. This extract caused lethality in adult molluscs, obtaining a lethal concentration 50 = 2.37 mg/mL. In the second aqueous extract, fruits of the species Randia nilotica were used on molluscs of the species Biomphalaria pfeifferi and Bulinus truncatus. These

Incidental Finding of Bronchogenic Cyst During Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: OAJBS Publishers

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Incidental Finding of Bronchogenic Cyst During Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy by Raja Wakim* in Open Access Journal of Biomedical Science (OAJBS) Background: Bronchogenic cysts are exceptional congenital malformations, mostly diagnosed in children, rarely in adults. They are usually found in an intrathoracic region. We report a rare case of an intra-abdominal bronchogenic cyst located over the gastroesophageal junction identified incidentally during a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.  Case Presentation: A 37-year-old female with a BMI of 40 kg/m2 was admitted for a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. During the procedure, a bulging lesion was incidentally identified adherent to the gastroesophageal junction. An intra-operative gastroscopy performed revealed signs of a mass effect above the GE junction and no signs of intra-gastric tumor. The decision of enucleation of the cystic lesion and abortion of the sleeve gastrectomy was taken. Approximation of the esophageal muscular layer was p

Herbal nootropics: Crocus Sativus, Ginkgo Biloba and Melissa Officinalis?: OAJBS Publishers

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Herbal nootropics: Crocus Sativus , Ginkgo Biloba and Melissa Officinalis ? by Andrés Iván Ramírez Montes* in Open Access Journal of Biomedical Science (OAJBS) Nootropics are the substances which improve memory and cognition and ease learning. Consumers can benefit from nootropic plants as nutraceuticals, supplements and functional foods and beverages that improve mental functions. Nootropics can balance the neurological system and restore a sensation of relaxation and wellness leading to optimum self-healing and health. Although consumers are very new to the nootropic products interest in nootropic ingredients is increasing because people are looking for functional foods to enhance their attention, focus and memory and to manage their well-being and mood especially due to the Covid-19 pandemic. It is expected that these demands will continue, and nootropics market is estimated to increase to US $5.32 billion with 13.2% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) by 2026 including pandemic i

Medulloblastoma Associated with Brucellosis and its Mortality: What is Known?: OAJBS Publishers

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Medulloblastoma Associated with Brucellosis and its Mortality: What is Known? by Andrés Iván Ramírez Montes* in Open Access Journal of Biomedical Science (OAJBS) Background: Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by Brucella species, being considered a zoonotic disease, with high incidence rates. Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor, having its origin in the fourth ventricle, which is a precursor of granular cells in the outer germ layer. Methodology: A narrative review was carried out through various databases from January 2011 to May 2021; the search and selection of articles was carried out in journals indexed in English. The following were used as keywords: Medulloblastoma; Brucellosis; Glioblastoma; Mortality; Neurobrucellosis. Results: Medulloblastoma has been widely associated with Brucella infection, with possible progression and dissemination associated with the secretion of large amounts of exosomes, which is stimulated by this microorganism, presenting characteristics o

Clinical Improvement in COVID-19 After Use of Ivermectin: A Case Series: OAJBS Publishers

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Clinical Improvement in COVID-19 After Use of Ivermectin: A Case Series by Ayanfe Omololu* in Open Access Journal of Biomedical Science (OAJBS) Background: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues unabated worldwide, with a paucity of effective medications against the disease. Ivermectin has been shown to inhibit in-vitro replication of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2), with several studies demonstrating clinical effectiveness. We report a case series of COVID-19 patients with rapid symptomatic improvement after commencing Ivermectin. Case Presentation: Consecutive COVID-19 patients admitted in our facility between September and November 2020 received Ivermectin plus standard of care and followed up till clinical improvement or outcome (survived or died). Nine of our patients received Ivermectin plus standard of care during this period, with significant clinical improvement noted across all categories of patients, which was noted ≤3 d

Coercion in Substance Use: A Systematic Review: OAJBS Publishers

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Coercion in Substance Use: A Systematic Review by Steffi Rose Mathew* in Open Access Journal of Biomedical Science (OAJBS) Background: Substance use coercion is a severe form of abuse that leads to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and sexual exploitation. It also leads to mental health problems and continuous victimization of individuals by abusive partners. Substance use coercion is a significant issue with less attention provided and can be traced as a vital factor in crimes such as sex trafficking.  Method: The following is a systematic review conducted as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses (PRISMA guidelines). The databases Google Scholar and PubMed were searched on September 2020, from January 1, 2000, to August 31, 2020. The studies considered were either telephone surveys or face-to-face interviews, and the study subjects included the general population. The details were extracted from the published articles. Findings: 4 studies and a legal c

Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Egyptian Children’s After Divorcing: OAJBS Publishers

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Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Egyptian Children’s After Divorcing by Abdel-Fattah HMM* in Open Access Journal of Biomedical Science (OAJBS) Background and Objective: In Egypt, as a result of the noticeable rise in divorce rates and the increase in the number of divorce children in a way that represents a danger to the public future, and because of the Personal Status Law that deprives the father of hosting or cohabitation or sharing custody with his children after the divorce. Methods: Information was collected about the extent of the impact of the deprivation and absence of the father on the children of divorce from previous research And the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics and the Egyptian government portal. Results: The data and results revealed that because of this random and unscientific law, these children are exposed to a great danger at all levels of development, which constitutes a major disaster. Conclusion: The results indicate the urgent need fo